Git/Github Workshop I: Get Started
Posted by Jun Zhao
Updated: Feb 7, 2014
Github Workshop Slides:
Speaker: There will be 7 instructors for this workshop. Each of us will assist a group of attendants to go through the steps.
Vivian Zhang is organizer of NYC Open Data meetup. She is CTO of a data analytic consulting firm---SupStat Inc.
Amanda Himmelstoss is a recent graduate of the Flatiron School; she works at Blopboard, a social polling platform.
Michael Polycarpou is a ruby on rails developer in one of the startup in NYC. He previously studied EE and love work on hardware design.
David Bella is a ruby on rails developer at XO group. He got Computer Science bachelor degree earlier.
Manley Brendan is working for Running through as a web developer. He got bachelor degree from English major.
Ian Miller is a Ruby developer based in NYC, and has a background in renewable energy project development in developing economies.
Ivan Brennan is a Ruby developer and musician interested in open source collaboration.
We will walk you through the basic concept of github, then everyone will be assigned a group and your own TA and learn
1. how to download other people's repositories
2.how to push your own codes to your own repositories.
We will cover five main git commands: git clone,git init, git add, git commit, git push
Please install your git before you come and try to install it. http://git-scm.com/download/mac
Other Useful Info Link:
Code History and more details: https://github.com/irmiller22/git_workshop/blob/master/git_workshop.md
1) Install Git
- Install Git onto your computer
- Set up Git configuration settings
- Create new Github account
- Quick overview of Github
- Learn how to create own repository on Github
- Initialize repository on computer
- Set remote repository to Github repo URL
- Add contents of new repository to commit
- Push up to master branch of Github repository
- Clone code from Github
- Create new branch
- Change code around a bit
- Learn how to add files to staging area
- Commit on new branch
- Push code back to Github
1) Install Git:
Go to `http://git-scm.com/downloads` Follow instructions regarding Git installation (should be included in Git download package) Set up your Git configuration settings via instructions at `https://help.github.com/articles/set-up-git` IMPORTANT: When configuring your Git email settings, MAKE SURE IT MATCHES THAT OF YOUR GITHUB ACCOUNT EMAIL / EMAIL YOU ARE PLANNING TO USE FOR GITHUB ACCOUNT Ignore the `Password Caching` session for now - you can choose to do this later.
2) Create New Github Profile:
Go to https://github.com/ Create a new account (username, email, password) When you confirm your account, it will redirect to the home page Click on the '+' sign next to your username in top right Select 'New Repository' Give the repository the name 'git-todo'
3) Open terminal and follow instructions:
cd ~/Desktop mkdir git-todo cd git-todo touch README.md git init git add README.md git commit -m "initial commit" git remote add origin <paste http:// link here from Github> git push origin master
cd ~/Desktopwill change directory into our 'Users//desktop' directory
mkdir git-todowill create a new folder called 'git-todo' on your Desktop
git initcreates a new repository in our
cd git-todochanges the directory into the
git-tododirectory. Think of it as going down one level.
touch README.mdgenerates a markdown file that is called README.
git initinitializes, or generates, a new
.gitfile. Think of a
.gitfile as the memory store at the root of a directory. The logic that stores your repository data as well as the synchronization between your remote repositories is encapsulated in this
- Before you can commit new files, you have to "stage" them by adding them to a staging directory. You do this by
git add README.md. You can also add all new/updated files in current directory by doing
git add ., and if you also need to remove files that were deleted, you do
git add -A
- Once all the previous steps are finished, you commit the staging file via `git commit -m "initial commit".
- In order to push these files up to your Github account, you need to create a repository on Github.com
- Go to the main Github page, click on the '+' sign, and select
New Repository. Then name the repository
git-todo. Then once you have created the repository, copy the HTTPS clone URL in the middle of the screen.
- Add your remote via
git remote add origin https://github.com/<your-username>/git-todo.git
- Finally, push up to your remote via
git push origin master.
- In this next step, we will clone a repository to our desktop, modify the file contents inside of the repository, commit those changes, and push back up to the
solutionsbranch of the Github repository.
- Go to
- FORK this repository -- once the page reloads, the URL for your repository should be
- Clone your
git_workshop_testrepository via the HTTPS clone url option in the lower right hand corner of the Github repository screen.
- Switch over to your Terminal.
- If you are not at your Desktop path, change directory via the following command:
- Then type in:
git clone <paste Github HTTPS URL here>.
- Once completed, type
lsto show all files/folders on your Desktop directory. You should see the
- Change directory into the repo via
- Open up the
assignment.mdfile, and follow instructions there.
cd into a the directory you want your project to live in.
On Github, go to the repository you want to contribute to and copy the link on the right hand side of the page.
Back in terminal, and type:
git clone <paste http:// link here from Github>
(Note, if this project is something substantial, say an open source project that you would like to contribute to, it's best practices to
Fork the repo to your page and then clone that fork. A
fork is basically copying and pasting the repo.)
Once you've cloned the repo, make the changes you want and then, just like when you initialized a new repo above, stage, commit, and push your changes:
git add <file you've changed> git commit -m "these are the changes I've made" git push origin master
Another best practice technique is to make every body of work a separate branch. So far, we've been pushing to the
master branch. You can create your own branching off of the
master branch and do you work on that.
While on master, before you begin working, type:
git checkout -b <your-branch-name>
Do your work on this branch, and while on this branch, be sure, like above to stage, commit, and, if you want your teammates to see your work, push your changes up to Github on your new branch:
git add <file you've changed> git commit -m "these are the changes I've made" git push origin <your-branch-name>
Note the last command is pushing the changes up to your new branch, not master.
When you're done with your work on your new branch, you may want to merge it into master. There are two ways to do this, either locally (through git on your computer) or remotely (on Github).
Move onto the branch that you want to merge into, in this case,
git checkout master. Then, merge your new branch into master:
git merge <your-branch-name> Now, master is up to date with your changes on your local repo, and you can
push them up to Github.
One arguably better way to handle merging when dealing with a project that multiple people work on is to do all of your work on your new branch, push it up to Github, and then submit a
Pull Request on the site. Here, others can see the merge, and Github can check to make sure there aren't any conflicts.
Here are some other commands to go along with the basic ones we've already covered:
git status: at any point of your work, if you want to see the status of your repo, type
git status when you're within your project directory to see which files are staged or unstaged.
git pull: when you're working with other people on a project that's living on Github, most likely they'll be making changes to the code and pushing it up. To bring those changes down to your local repo (on your computer), you will need to
git stash: let's say you've made changes since then that you don't want anymore. Instead of going into your text editor and manually finding the change, you can
stash them and they'll be deleted. Your file will go back to how it was when it was staged last. This is handy, but make sure you absolutely want to do away with your changes before you do this!
- Git Basics 1
- Viewing The Commit History
- Undoing Things
- Branch Management
Interested in Becoming a Data Scientist?
Then you will want to apply to the NYC Data Science Academy. Classes starting soon.
Jun ZhaoView all articles
Topics from this blog: NYC NYC Open Data Meetup data
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